Comprising most of the Canadian Arctic Archipelago, about one fifth of the total landmass of the nation, Nunavut is the size of Western Europe. More recently, CANDAC has installed what is likely the world's most northerly geosynchronous satellite ground-station to provide Internet-based communications to PEARL. This page was last edited on 19 December 2020, at 12:51. Nunavut Population Estimates by Sex and Marital Status, 2004 to 2020 (3 tables).xls. The population growth rate of Nunavut has been well above the Canadian average for several decades, mostly due to birth rates significantly higher than the Canadian average—a trend that continues. Eureka has the lowest average annual temperature and least precipitation of any weather station in Canada with an annual mean temperature of −18.8 Â°C (−1.8 Â°F). [citation needed], Eureka experiences a polar climate (ET). Population (2016) 35,944; (2019 est.) Eureka was founded on April 11, 1947, as part of a requirement to set up a network of Arctic weather stations. Nunavut has no paved roads that connect communities together as it is sparsely populated and most long-distance travel is done by air. The Annual Climate of Eureka, Nunavut Canada. About 80 percent of the population is Inuit. Strangely, Inuktitut is not considered an official language. There are no farms and no forests in Nunavut. That means half the population is younger than 26.1 years, and half the population is older. The population density is 0.019 persons/km 2 (0.05 persons/sq mi), one of the lowest in the world. Aboriginal's make up 85 percent of Nunavut's population. [citation needed] Its frost-free season averages 56 days, much longer than many other places nearby. At its peak, in the 1970s, at least fifteen staff were on site; in 2005, it reported a permanent population of zero with at leas… It comprises part of the mainland and a huge scattering of islands. There are people at Eureka, about 800km south of Alert, but, again, a very, very small station - mostly weathermen. (a) -46 (b) -30 (c) -15 (d) -10 7. Nunavut is very sparsely populated with a population of just 33,000 and a population density of 0.02 people per square kilometer (0.052 per square mile). Located in the Ellesmere Island’s northeastern tip in the Qikiqtaaluk Region of the Canadian territory of Nunavut, Alert is the country’s and the world’s northernmost permanent human settlement. Nunavut is the youngest Canadian territory, officially proclaimed on April 1st 1999. The daytime temperature is going to reach -28 °c and the temperature is going to dip to -33 °c at night. Nunavut is one of the least densely populated areas in the world. The latest operations centre, with work areas and staff quarters in one large structure, was completed in 2005. This compares to the national average of 5.9%. On this date, 100 tonnes (98 long tons; 110 short tons) of supplies were airlifted to a promising spot on Ellesmere Island, and five prefabricated Jamesway hutswere constructed. Telephone access and television broadcasts arrived in 1982 when Operation Hurricane resulted in the establishment of a satellite receiving station at nearby Skull Point, which has an open view to the south. This town is the center of the territory but is still relatively small with a very different feel to the rest of Canada. Also contributing to the local economy are exports, tourism and Inuit art. The Diocese of Churchill - Hudson Bay covers most of the Nunavut territory. Nunavut is mostly inhabited and controlled by the Inuit. Cost of living is high and you will also not find alcohol for sale – permits are required to fly it in for personal consumption. It is the 12th most populous province in Canada. The main industries in the territory are resources and fishery, following government employment. The growth rate has slowed down more recently with an increase from 2013 to 2014 of 0.8% bringing the total number of people today to 36,408. Eureka is a small research base on Fosheim Peninsula, Ellesmere Island, Qikiqtaaluk Region, in the Canadian territory of Nunavut. Nunavut has fewer than 30 communities. By 2043, the projected median age for Nunavut could fall to 25.6 years, StatCan said. 83.6% of inhabitants confirmed this in the most recent census. Whyte, L. G., B. Goalen, J. Hawari, D. Labbe, C. W. Greer, and M. Nahir. Nunavut is Canada’s largest and most northerly territory. The station is supplied once every six weeks with fresh food and mail by air, and annually in the late summer, a supply ship from Montreal brings heavy supplies. (a) 9 500 (c) 17 500 (d) 20 000 6. Sadly, many native Inuits are leaving the area for better economic prospects elsewhere. 2001. Is it cold in Nunavut? This region is the 5th largest inter-country land area in the world. Despite the larger towns being more cosmopolitan, the whole territory is largely inhabited with people with an Inuit ethnic background. [citation needed], At Eureka's latitude, a geosynchronous communications satellite, if due south, would require an antenna to be pointed nearly horizontally; satellites farther east or west along that orbit would be below the horizon. As of April 2019, the population of Nunavut was estimated to be about 40,000 people. [8], The complex is powered by diesel generators. [7], Eureka was founded on April 11, 1947, as part of a requirement to set up a network of Arctic weather stations. The settlement sees the midnight sun between April 10 and August 29, with no sunlight at all between mid-October and late February. Nunavut's highest point is Barbeau Peak (2,616 m (8,583 ft)) on Ellesmere Island. Eureka has the lowest average annual temperature and the lowest amount of precipitation of any weather station in Canada. Because there are few roads and no railroads, cities get supplies by airplane or boat. Nunavut also shares maritime borders with Greenland and the provinces of Quebec, Ontario, and Manitoba. Nunavut has the youngest median age in Canada of 24.7 years; this is mainly due to the high fertility rates and loss of the older population. Even so, since record keeping began, the temperature has never exceeded 20.9 Â°C (69.6 Â°F), first reached on July 14, 2009. Not surprisingly, 70% of the residents of Nunavut report their mother tongue as Inuktitut. Most perishable goods are also flown in from the mainland and many items are subject to a mark-up in cost because of this. It is the third-northernmost permanent research community in the world. The rest of the people have European ancestors. Canada’s national median age, meanwhile, is 40.8 years.
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