What Problems Prompted BSL? Finally, this part introduces the two most common types of laws regulating ownership of dangerous dogs---dangerous-dog laws and breed-specific legislation-and explores the constitutional challenges confronting each. © The American Kennel Club, Inc. 2020. In the 1970s, Doberman Pinschers were singled out. Specific Purpose Statement: To invite my audience to explore the advantages, disadvantages, and the alternatives associated with breed specific legislation. Dog breed bans and other forms of breed discriminatory legislation force many people to give up their beloved pets. Breed Specific Legislation targets dogs that look a certain way, rather than dogs who act a certain way, and is used as a “preventative measure”, rather than a consequence for actions. Controversy. The heated debate over Breed-specific Legislation (BSL) carries a lot of emotion for many people. Some who cast a vote against the proposal said the city should concentrate on providing more resources to animal control and enforcing a dog ordinance that applies to all breeds. • Breed-specific legislation has been shown to be difficult to apply due to the problem of defining breeds and breed types. If you said yes to these questions, then congratulations, you own a “pit bull” …At least according to the City and County of San Francisco’s Department of Animal Care and Control. In the 80s, German Shepherds targeted. Breed Specific Legislation is a term used to ban a dog breed.This is, in theory to limit dog attacks. Statutes and Ordinances Breed Specific Legislation (BSL) is defined as a law or statute that equates the qualities of a dangerous dog with a certain breed, and bans or restricts certain breeds based on identity, not behavior of a specific animal. The wolfdog has been the center of controversy for much of its history, and most breed-specific legislation is either the result of the animal's perceived danger or its categorization as protected native wildlife. For example, a law that states, "All pit bulls shall be muzzled when upon public property" is breed specific. In terms of Breed Bias, this refers to the bias against certain dog breeds. Answer a few simple questions and find the right dog for you, Compare up to 5 different breeds side by side, Browse the AKC Marketplace to find the right puppy for you, Browse our extensive library of dog names for inspiration, Find out the best and worst foods for your dog and which to avoid, Responsible Dog Owners of the Western States, visit the Breed-Specific Legislation Key Issues page, iy_2021; im_01; id_11; ih_18; imh_24; i_epoch:1610418272482, py_2021; pm_01; pd_11; ph_15; pmh_33; p_epoch:1610407986212, link-block-publisher; link-block-publisher_link-block-publisher; bodystr, pn_tstr:Mon Jan 11 15:33:06 PST 2021; pn_epoch:1610407986212. Breed-specific legislation is not about dogs at all. The AVSAB’s position is that such legislation—often called breed-specific legislation (BSL)—is ineffective, and can lead to a false sense of community safety as well as welfare concerns for dogs identified (often incorrectly) as belonging to specific breeds.”. The ban was scheduled to go into effect in January. The wolfdog has been the center of controversy for much of its history, and most breed-specific legislation is either the result of the animal's perceived danger or its categorization as protected native wildlife. In many countries throughout the world, attempts to bring down the number of dog bites have included measures taken … Regulated breeds typically comprise the “pit bull” class of dogs, including American Pit Bull Terriers, American Staffordshire Terriers, Staffordshire Bull Terriers and English Bull Terriers. This is why the controversy over breed-specific legislation has increased in recent years. Because adoptable dogs of the targeted breed cannot be adopted out, they are generally euthanized at the shelter at public expense. One of the major criticisms of the breed ban was that "pit bulls" are broadly defined. More: All Springfield dogs would have to be licensed with the city, proposal says. Typical was her opening assertion that breed-specific legislation is an impulsive and reactive response to a particular recent dog attack which just happened to have been inflicted by a pit bull. Jan 23, 2018; The complainant, April Fahr, is the Director of Education and Advocacy for the HugABull Advocacy & Rescue Society. An owner must move to a city that allows the breed or they must have their dog euthanized. This kind of legislation has generated a great deal of controversy. Kathleen Larkin, a member of Citizens Against Breed Specific Legislation who helped organize efforts to defeat the ban, said she was not surprised by the outcome. Second, BSL is extremely costly to the community. It … Kathleen Larkin, a member of Citizens Against Breed Specific Legislation who helped organize efforts to defeat the ban, said she was not surprised by … This may involve anything from a specific dog breed needing to wear a muzzle in public or requiring certain breeds to be spayed or neutered. Support for these laws is based on the misconception that pit bulls are more dangerous and prone to aggression than other dog breeds. However, the seemingly high numbers of pit bull attacks … Other studies, including one from the United States Centers for Disease Control & Prevention (CDC), support the premise that any dog can be exploited and trained to be aggressive, and when specific breeds are regulated, offenders will switch to unregulated breeds to exploit. Some are those who have suffered the terrifying experience of a dog attack while others are dealing with the hurtful discrimination of their loving furry family members. Additionally, in 2003, Italy had a list of 92 banned and restricted breeds, a list that included the Bearded Collie and Corgi, until policymakers came to the realization that it is more effective to hold the owner than the breed responsible for the actions of a specific dog. For example, a law that states, "All pit bulls shall be muzzled when upon public property" is breed specific. AKC actively advocates for responsible dog ownership and is dedicated to advancing dog sports. The pit bull issue was important to many voters interviewed by News-Leader reporters on election day. In Bermuda, you will need to take extra precautions if you plan to walk your Australian Cattle Dog or Bouvier des Flanders in public. Simply put, a "breed specific" law, regulation, case, prosecution or anything else is one that is based on the breed of a particular dog, as opposed to the conduct of the specific dog. Thesis: Breed specific legislation is a controversial topic in which I am very interested and would like to explore both sides of the issue to perhaps learn something new. Breed specific regulation is very controversial and difficult to administer. Breed-specific legislation is an area of considerable controversy that would benefit from long-term evaluation studies in which data from surrounding unlegislated areas are used for comparative purposes. Worldwide, the breeds of dogs banned or restricted is also surprising. Breed-Specific Legislation Still Exists. Breed Specific Legislation (BSL) affects everyone. Third, BSL provides a false sense of security. Devocalization (also known as ventriculocordectomy or vocal cordectomy and when performed on dogs is commonly known as debarking or bark softening) is a surgical procedure performed on dogs and cats, where tissue is removed from the animal's vocal cords to … Founded in 1884, the AKC is the recognized and trusted expert in breed, health, and training information for dogs. "Generally speaking, people love their dogs and they want to be able to keep their pets," she said. Many national organizations have come out against breed-specific legislation, including the American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals, the American Veterinary Medical Association and the National Animal Care & Control Association. Does your dog have almond shaped eyes? Some say, "do nothing at all." Such laws are usually enacted when it is believed a certain breed of dog is especially dangerous and poses a public welfare risk. States and municipalities across the country have considered—and, in some cases, enacted—breed-specific legislation designed to protect the public against dog bites.18 Commonly, these statutes and ordinances have banned, or However, the problem will not be solved by the “quick fix” of such breed-discriminatory laws. In the summer of 2017, two toddlers and their mother were mauled by a neighbor's pit bulls. The Pit Bull Controversy. In 2005 the AKC tracked 106 breed-specific measures that were adverse to purebred dogs. While proponents have good intentions in trying to protect their communities from dangerous dogs, breed-specific bans ultimately punish responsible dog owners, while doing very little to actually punish irresponsible owners. Empirical data confirms that not only average citizens, but even animal care professionals, cannot identify breeds by appearance. None of those are in Virginia. And in Ireland, you must be 16 years of age and have your dog muzzled if you plan on taking your Rhodesian Ridgeback off your property. legislation in dog politics. Simply put, a "breed specific" law, regulation, case, prosecution or anything else is one that is based on the breed of a particular dog, as opposed to the conduct of the specific dog. Andrea Roach, one of the founders of Citizens Against Breed Specific Legislation, said, "Thank you to the people of Springfield and all the volunteers and donors who helped save dogs' lives today. Our position on breed specific legislation is not unique. A. According to the organization Responsible Dog Owners of the Western States, there are currently 75 banned or restricted breeds in the United States. The time and money spent enforcing BSL means less time and money is spent on enforcing better alternatives to keeping a community safe. Breed-specific legislation (BSL) is a law or ordinance that regulates or completely bans the keeping of dogs of or presumed to be specific breeds, dogs presumed to be specific breeds and/or dogs which are or presumed to be mixes of one or more of those breeds. American Veterinary Society of Animal Behavior. The ASPCA , The HSUS and the American Veterinary Medical Association all hold similar positions. All rights reserved. A tail medium in length that tapers to a point? The time spent on breed identification takes time away from important tasks that could impact the community for the better. Skip to main content. However, across the country, ownership of dogs that match these vague physical characteristics are being banned – regardless of their parentage. "The ban as not going to do anything to change bad dog owners, backyard breeders and animal abusers. Officials who voted for the ban cited public safety. Once revered as loving “nanny dogs,” pit bulls have lost their favored status of late. A heavy and muscular neck? Lynn advocates such legislation and lists on her website more than 700 localities in the United States that have some form of breed-specific law. BSL is a slippery slope that can affect any breed of dog. The Problem With Breed Specific Legislation The time has arrived, many say, for restricting the presence of- and even eliminating- certain breeds of dogs. The American Kennel Club takes exception to this generalization. Support for these laws is based on the misconception that pit bulls are more dangerous and prone to aggression than other dog breeds.. Breed Specific (Selective) Legislation (BSL) laws regard certain breeds of domesticated animals as dangerous. Essential info about dog health, training, sports and more. Two days ago there was another helping of a Documentary called "Pedigree Dogs Exposed - Three Years On". One of the unfortunate results of breed stereotypes, misinformation, and irresponsible ownership is breed-specific legislation, also known as breed discriminatory bans.For canine regulation, it is important to understand the differences between the two major forms of regulation - breed-specific legislation (BSL) and breed-neutral legislation (BNL). All dogs descended with the grey wolf from a common ancestor (Handwerk,2018).Over thousands of years we have domesticated and bred these once-wild wolves to be obedient house pets. Larkin said volunteers with Citizens Against Breed Specific Legislation helped many people register to vote during their public outreach and awareness events. Breed-specific legislation refers to all laws that seek to restrict or eliminate ownership of certain animal breeds, most often dog breeds. In 2006 that number surpassed the previous year. Would your pug with its broad chest and short coat be in danger of getting banned under these requirements? Breed-specific legislation. It was on the heels of this attack that City Council began discussing a possible future without pit bulls. There is no such problem, they say. Some are those who have suffered the terrifying experience of a dog attack while others are dealing with the hurtful discrimination of their loving furry family members. Breed Specific Legislation (BSL) affects everyone. In the 90s it shifted to Rottweilers, and today it’s pit bulls. Breed specific legislation essentially bans, restricts or imposes conditions on the ownership of certain breeds of dogs, typically those breeds that presumably pose the greatest risk of dog bite injury. "A lot of people who came to the polls came to vote on this very issue," she said. Why does BSL legislation even exist? Or can we finally put the responsibility for dangerous dogs where it really  belongs—on irresponsible owners regardless of breed. But it certainly would (create) a lot of pain for responsible dog owners who believe their dogs are part of their family.". Breed-Specific Legislation regulates and enforces laws that prevent people from owning certain breeds in certain states and cities. Some feel that banning a breed is like human racial discrimination. Breed-Specific Legislation or BSL, are laws and statutes that are passed in order to regulate the ownership and keeping of various breeds of dogs. Anti-pitbull, anti-rottweiler, anti-doberman (etc.) The main reason BSL legislation is being overturned is because of new dog bite incident data and organizations challenging these laws. This begs the question, will your breed be next? For more information and talking points on this issue, visit the Breed-Specific Legislation Key Issues page in the AKC Government Relations Legislative Action Center. “Any dog may bite, regardless of the dog’s size or sex, or reported breed or mix of breeds. The outright controversial legislation and BSL ban target Pit Bulls and many other breeds. In fact, AKC does not recognize the “pit bull” as a specific breed. BSL and breed bans are not only ineffective, but expensive, and harmful to everyone involved. It is also very difficult for public officials to enforce such provisions in a fair and effective manner. Position Paper: Nature vs. Nurture The controversy of nature vs. nurture has been going on for many years, and a decision has not yet been 689 Words | 3 Pages . They feel that the statistics compiled on dog attacks are inaccurate, and that the press has created the false impression that there is a dog bite problem in the USA. This has been a major source of controversy. Mahatma Gandhi. It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. control legislation is characterizing a dog as vi-cious, or in some way restricting ownership of a breed, on the basis of breed description alone. A common criticism of breed-specific legislation is that trying to determine a dog’s breed based on appearance is inherently problematic and that the category of “pit bull” is itself arbitrary and overly broad. rather than the specific traits of a breed. Breed-Specific Health Strategies: By breed, nationally and internationally. The study of approximately 50 purebred breeds concluded that the time an owner spends caring for and training a dog is inversely correlated to the level of aggressive behavior the dog exhibits. I can categorically state that the passage of breed-specific legislation (BSL) never occurs casually or impulsively. What this study adds. specific breeds for regulation or, in some cases, outright bans. In some areas, regulated breeds also include a variety of other dogs like American Bulldogs, Rottweilers, Mastiffs, Dalmatians, Chow Chows, German Shepherds, Doberman Pinschers or any mix of these breeds—and dogs who simply resemble these … Supporters of breed specific legislation are driven by fear and misunderstanding on the part of those who do not have any knowledge of the supposedly vicious breeds. In the United States, more than 700 cities have enacted BSL, affecting thousands of dogs across the country, in addition to the many breeds affected worldwide. Approximately 550 jurisdictions in the United States have enacted breed-specific legislation … 8(2): 336-342, 2009). Breed Specific Legislation Wednesday, 29 February 2012. A smooth and short coat? (DOGS/DOG BREED DISCRIMINATION) Pit bulls have been the target of breed-specific legislation for years despite evidence claiming such laws do not diminish the number of overall dog attacks. 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